The federal budget: What we know so far
THE BIG PICTURE
With the COVID-19 pandemic, flooding and Ukraine-Russia war creating headwinds, Treasurer Josh Frydenberg is emphasising the "fiscal dividend of a stronger economy".
Budget deficit estimated to be around $70 billion, instead of the $98.9 billion estimated in the mid-year budget review in December 2021
Debt is edging towards $1 trillion, but budget papers will show it stabilising before declining in the medium term based on continuing economic growth
Unemployment on four per cent (February official figure)
Budget papers will give a conservative estimate of revenue from minerals such as coal and iron ore, despite them earning record prices
THE GOVERNMENT'S PLAN
Keep in place a tax-to-GDP ratio at or below 23.9 per cent
Driving new manufacturing
Modest budget repair
Improving service delivery and funding national security measures
"Targeted and proportionate" cost of living relief, possibly cash payments for low and middle-income earners
Expected (but not confirmed) to include another 12 months of the low and middle income tax offset
Bring forward of child care subsidy changes from July 1 to March 7, to cost around $224 million in 2021/22 and $670 million a year ongoing
Pension and welfare payments rise from March 20, benefiting 4.9 million people and costing the budget $2.2 billion extra over the year
No bringing forward of high-end income tax cuts
$800 million over 10 years for strategic and scientific research and exploration in Antarctica.
$86 million forestry industry support in Tasmania
$60 million for recycling modernisation
National biosecurity strategy
$10 billion over two decades set aside for an east coast submarine base in Queensland or NSW
$4.3 billion to help build a new dry dock facility in Henderson, Western Australia, with construction to start in 2023
Defence spending expected to be around 2.1 per cent of GDP
$282 million in the Northern Territory for 34 capability projects and maintenance and servicing work
Support for Ukraine military forces
$500 million for Urannah dam in central Queensland
$678 million for the sealing of 1000km of the Outback Way
$2.26 billion for Adelaide's North-South corridor motorway
$40 million for bridges
$74 million top-up for Perth city deal
$668 million for southeast Queensland city deal
$189 million over five years to strengthen prevention and early-intervention efforts in family, domestic and sexual violence
$104 million to prevent technology and devices being used to perpetrate or facilitate family, domestic and sexual violence.
$128.5 million reform package to provide greater certainty around environmental protection and streamline assessments
Deregulation using international safety standards to save businesses $136 million a year
Waiving of fees and taxes for reef-based industries over 2022/23 financial year.
Medicare to cost around $126 billion over four-year forward estimates
Four-year rolling funding agreement and annual increases from July 1, 2023, for Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services
$61.2 million for the Australian Genomic Cancer Medical Centre to research and develop drugs for people with advanced cancers
$315 million over four years to extend its national ice drug action strategy
$6.4 billion for independent schools, growing to $8.5 billion by 2029.
$1.2 billion over four years for an expanded Transition to Work employment service for disadvantaged youth
Support for Indigenous boarding students
Critical minerals industry to get $200 million Accelerator grants program, $50 million to support research and development and an updated industry strategy.
$55.4 million for BlueScope Steel's Advanced Steel Manufacturing Precinct around the Port Kembla steelworks.